100+ Engineering Mathematics Research Topics for Final Year Projects

Mathematics is the cornerstone of engineering disciplines and is an essential component of an engineer's analytical skills. Choosing an intriguing and relevant research subject in applied mathematics is critical for final-year engineering students.

This page is a thorough list of over 100 mathematical study topics and project ideas for final-year engineering students. The list includes calculus, linear algebra, statistics, numerical methods, optimisation techniques, and more. Each study subject is succinctly outlined to assist students in selecting their favourite area of interest.

Calculus and Analysis

Research topics related to calculus, real analysis and complex analysis:

  • Numerical methods for solving singularly perturbed two-point boundary value problems
  • Topological data analysis using persistent homology in machine learning
  • Application of conformal mappings to design and analysis of microfluidic devices
  • Stochastic differential equations based modeling of neural networks
  • High order compact schemes for numerical solution of partial differential equations
  • Fractional calculus models for anomalous diffusion in biological systems
  • Computational methods for pricing financial derivatives using Fourier transforms
  • Wavelet-Galerkin algorithms for fluid flow problems with boundary layers
  • Accelerating N-body simulations using fast multipole methods
  • Analytical techniques for shock wave diffraction problems in compressible flows

Linear Algebra, Matrix Analysis and Applications

Final year project ideas involving linear algebra concepts:

  • Improving video compression using matrix completion algorithms
  • PageRank computation acceleration techniques using Krylov subspace methods
  • Efficient matrix factorization methods for recommendation systems
  • Numerical rank estimation in low rank matrix approximations
  • Algorithm design using matrix calculus for neural network training
  • Quantum algorithms for linear algebra problems on near term quantum devices
  • High performance parallel solvers for sparse linear systems
  • Computational methods for weighted low rank approximations
  • Analysis of finite element methods for partial differential equations using matrices
  • Matrix analytic methods for modeling and analysis of queueing systems

Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing

Numerical methods focused research topics:

  • High resolution finite volume methods for hyperbolic conservation laws
  • Multigrid algorithms for solving elliptic PDEs arising in fluid flows
  • High order WENO schemes for Hamilton-Jacobi equations
  • Parallel computing techniques for pricing high-dimensional financial derivatives
  • GPU accelerated large eddy simulation of turbulent flows
  • High order compact schemes for computational aeroacoustics
  • Massively parallel eigenvalue solvers for electronic structure calculations
  • Numerical optimization using non-smooth convex optimization
  • Multiphase flow simulation using discrete Boltzmann methods
  • Reduced order modeling techniques for nonlinear parametric PDEs

Probability, Statistics and Stochastic Processes

Research ideas related to probability theory, statistics and stochastic processes:

  • Statistical techniques for design of repairable systems
  • Reliability analysis of complex multi-state systems using Markov models
  • Stochastic modeling of single neuron dynamics and spike train analysis
  • Bayesian methods for parameter estimation in queueing theory problems
  • Surrogate modeling and uncertainty quantification using Gaussian processes
  • Random matrix theory models for financial time series forecasting
  • Computational methods for analysis of telecommunication network traffic
  • Machine learning techniques for anomaly detection in fraud analytics
  • Stochastic optimization algorithms and applications
  • Optimal detection and estimation in presence of uncertain nuisances

Discrete Mathematics and Graph Theory

Topics involving discrete maths, combinatorics and graph theory:

  • Extremal graph theory problems involving distance in graphs
  • Expander graphs and their applications in computer science
  • Quantum algorithms for graph problems using quantum walks
  • Probabilistic techniques for analysis of rumor spreading models
  • Combinatorial methods for multi-armed bandits and online learning
  • Polytopes and their applications in optimization
  • Advanced algorithms for maximum matching in bipartite graphs
  • Ramsey theory problems involving graphs and hypergraphs
  • Applications of min-cut max-flow theorem in network analysis
  • Hardness of approximation for discrete optimization problems

Optimization Techniques

Research ideas related to mathematical optimization:

  • Machine learning for predictive manufacturing using digital twins
  • Robust optimization under uncertainty for portfolio design
  • Distributed optimization algorithms for smart grids
  • Metaheuristics for solving mixed-integer nonlinear programming
  • Bi-level optimization models for defender-attacker problems
  • Multi-objective optimal design of automotive crash structures
  • Swarm and evolutionary algorithms for engineering design optimization
  • Game theoretic frameworks for multi-agent distributed control systems
  • Nonlinear model predictive control for chemical process systems
  • Topology optimization of structures using level sets and shape derivatives

Mathematical Physics and Modeling

Topics involving development of mathematical models for physical systems:

  • Fractional dynamical models for anomalous transport phenomena
  • Mathematical modeling of opinion dynamics in social networks
  • Multiscale modeling approaches for complex fluids
  • Nonlocal continuum mechanics models at nanoscale
  • Quantification of model uncertainty using multimodel approaches
  • Computational models for premixed turbulent combustion
  • Mathematical methods for kinetic theories of active matter
  • Information geometric techniques for thermodynamics
  • Topological data analysis of phase transitions
  • Dynamic data driven application systems for wildfire spread modeling

Miscellaneous Topics

Some other mathematical research project ideas:

  • Cryptography based on algebraic geometry and coding theory
  • Mathematical models for dynamics of infectious diseases
  • Topics in commutative algebra and algebraic geometry
  • Quantitative verification techniques for cyber-physical systems
  • Applications of category theory in quantum computations
  • Mathematical foundations of blockchain technologies
  • Mathematical aspects of quantum field theory
  • Mathematical logic and applications to philosophy of mathematics
  • Computational mathematics in aviation and aerospace engineering
  • Atmospheric modeling using regularization methods


This covers over 100 potential research topics in applied mathematics for final year engineering students. Identify a topic you find exciting based on your interests and background knowledge. A good mathematical research project requires creativity, rigor and practical applications. Discuss prospective ideas with math professors to refine your topic selection. Starting early with thorough planning is key for successfully executing final year math projects.


Q1. How do I select a good final year mathematics research project topic?

Tips for selecting a good final year mathematics research project topic:

  • Choose an area of personal interest within applied mathematics
  • Look for topics with relevant real-world applications
  • Identify gaps in existing literature and scope for extensions
  • Align topic with your mathematical background and skills
  • Consider industry trends and requirements for applicability
  • Review topics of experts at your university for collaboration opportunities
  • Select a focused problem that can be tackled in the given timeframe
  • Discuss ideas with faculty advisors before finalizing a topic

Q2. What are some good sources to find research topics in mathematics?

Some fruitful sources to find applied mathematics research topics:

  • Recent mathematical journals, publications and preprints
  • Current trends and advances in relevant engineering domains
  • Problems faced by industry seeking mathematical solutions
  • Government R&D reports outlining mathematical research needs
  • Theses/dissertations in university archives
  • Scientific computing and applied math conferences
  • Discussions with math professors working in applicable areas
  • Reviewing research funding opportunities and grants
  • Mathematical blogs, newsletters and online communities

Q3. How should I structure my final year mathematics research report?

The report for a final year mathematics research project should typically contain:

  • Title, student details, abstract summarizing project
  • Introduction - topic background, problem statement, objectives, scope
  • Literature review - previous work, mathematical preliminaries
  • Theoretical formulation - mathematical models and analysis
  • Methodology - computational techniques, algorithms, tools
  • Results - simulations, visualizations, validation, outcomes
  • Discussion - analyze results and draw meaningful inferences
  • Conclusion - key findings, limitations, future work
  • References - cite sources properly

Include relevant mathematical derivations, proofs, data, charts, pseudocodes etc. in the appendix. Follow your university style guide.

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